Personal injury litigation is subject to different regulations in every state. To bring a case in Iowa it is very important that you consult an experienced Iowa personal injury lawyer, who can guide you through the states unique laws.
Personal injury litigation includes many types of action, including car accident cases, defective products cases and medical malpractice cases. A personal injury claim in Alabama can arise from negligence or intentional wrongdoing.
In Iowa you must prove four elements to win any negligence case:
1. The defendant owed you a duty
2. The defendant did not fulfill that duty
3. The defendants breach of duty resulted in your injuries
4. You suffered damages
Iowa follows the doctrine of modified comparative negligence. This means that a defendant is responsible for the proportion of the damages equal to their proportion of the blame in the injury. However, a plaintiff cannot recover if they were 50% or more at fault for the injury. If the plaintiffs negligence was 49% responsible for an accident, a defendant can still be required to pay 51% of the damages. However, if the plaintiff was 50% responsible for the accident the defendant will not have to cover any damages.
Iowa personal injury law follows the doctrine of joint and several liability when determining liability between defendants. The doctrine of joint liability means that each defendant is responsible to pay for the entire amount of the damages. The defendants can seek legal action against each other to cover the liabilities paid between them. Under Iowa law this doctrine only applies if the defendants' combined fault is greater than 50%.
Iowa law requires that 75% of punitive damages will be paid to the state. The state does not put any restrictions on the awarding of non-economic damages.
In Iowa you have two years to file a personal injury lawsuit under the states statute of limitation.
If you are considering pursuing a claim in Iowa you need the counsel of a personal injury attorney who understands the nuances of Iowa law. The sooner you begin working with an attorney the easier it will be to build your case and reach a successful outcome.